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> Fill-In Flash
If you have pictures
where the foreground is too dark while the background seems to be correctly
exposed, then using fill-in flash may be a technique worth learning about. Using
fill-in flash, as the name implies, is to use flash to fill-in light where it
is deficient. This is usually the situation when you are in the shadows and
shooting through objects in the foreground that are acting as a frame.
In the photo above, I was standing in a shaded spot and using
the foliage as a frame. Without fill-in flash to illuminate the foreground,
the latter would be quite dark. Shutter speed: 1/180 sec., Aperture: F2.8, ISO
50 with fill-in flash. (Exposure compensation was -0.7EV but that was because
I forgot to reset it for a previous picture.)
Instead of the leaves, imagine a person stood in the foreground.
Unless you wanted to silhouette the person (this can be quite effective in producing
a dramatic picture), fill-in flash would throw in just enough light to illuminate
A most pleasant effect can sometimes be achieved by photographing
a person against the sun (or another strong light source). The light behind
his or her head creates a halo around the edge of the hair. The face would be
quite underexposed but for fill-in flash. Shooting against the sun also avoids
your subject squinting in the sun.
To use fill-in flash, set your digital camera so that it is forced
to fire the flash. Do not confuse with Night Shot scene mode which is similar
but generally used at nightime for night portraits. In this case the flash fires
to illuminate the foreground, while the shutter remains open a while longer
to expose the background. You need to keep the camera steady until after the
flash has fired and the shutter has closed.
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