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Photographic Documentation of “Octomom’s” Tenacity to Brood Eggs for Over Four Years

Wed July 30, 2014

"Octomom" never leaves her eggs unattended. Image extracted from video below.

“Octomom” never leaves her eggs unattended. Image extracted from video below.

This video presents “Deep-sea octopus invests in future: Longest brooding period ever recorded.”

  • “At the sediment-covered base of a sloping wall in the Monterey Submarine Canyon, off central California, researchers at the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI) have observed a deep-sea octopus brooding its eggs for four and one half years—longer than any other known animal: from May, 2007 to September, 2011, or 53 months.
  • Throughout this time, the female kept the eggs clean and guarded them from predators.
  • This strategy has apparently worked for Graneledone boreopacifica—it is one of the most common deep-sea octopuses in the Northeastern Pacific.
  • From HD video frame grabs of the empty capsules and the characteristic green cement of their anchor points we estimate the clutch size to have been between 155 and 165 eggs.”
    Original journal article: Robison B., Seibel B., Drazen J. (2014), Deep-sea octopus (Graneledone boreopacifica) conducts the longest-known egg-brooding period of any animal. PLoS ONE 9(7): e103437. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0103437

Photographic and Video Documentation

This study provided photographic and video documentation of the tenacity of “Octomom” – a deep-sea octopus – to remarkably brood eggs for over four years which is by far the longest egg-brooding period ever reported for any animal species.

“Octopuses typically have a single reproductive period and then they die (semelparity). Once a clutch of fertilized eggs has been produced, the female protects and tends them until they hatch….In the cold, dark waters of the deep ocean, metabolic processes are often slower than their counterparts at shallower depths… Likewise, laboratory studies have linked lower temperatures to longer brooding periods in cephalopods, but direct evidence has not been available. We found an opportunity to directly measure the brooding period of the deep-sea octopus Graneledone boreopacifica, in its natural habitat. At 53 months, it is by far the longest egg-brooding period ever reported for any animal species.

The ultimate fate of a brooding female octopus is invariably death, but in this first example from the deep-sea, brooding also confers an extension of adult life that greatly exceeds most projections of cephalopod longevity.

This study did not involve endangered or protected species. The location of the study site was 36° 42′ N, 122° 03′ W, at a depth of 1397 meters. Field work was conducted under NOAA Office of Marine Sanctuaries permit MBNMS 2005-010-A3, and California Department of Fish and Wildlife scientific collecting permit D-0004069542-0; no specimens were collected.”

Robison B, Seibel B, Drazen J (2014) Deep-Sea Octopus (Graneledone boreopacifica) Conducts the Longest-Known Egg-Brooding Period of Any Animal. PLoS ONE 9(7): e103437. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0103437

http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0103437

Photography and Videography Via Ventana, a Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV)

ROV Ventana was built for the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute by International Submarine Engineering. The specifications for Ventana were developed by David Packard and the original core group of scientists and engineers at MBARI. The vehicle was delivered in 1988 with a standard suite of instruments and cameras. Data collection sensors, a high definition camera, and animal collection devices have been added. As requirements changed and requests for tasks grew Ventana has evolved into its present configuration. Image by MBARI.

ROV Ventana was built for the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute by International Submarine Engineering. The specifications for Ventana were developed by David Packard and the original core group of scientists and engineers at MBARI. The vehicle was delivered in 1988 with a standard suite of instruments and cameras. Data collection sensors, a high definition camera, and animal collection devices have been added. As requirements changed and requests for tasks grew Ventana has evolved into its present configuration. Image by MBARI.

Ventana includes these features. (Info was last updated on Mar. 07, 2013.)

  • The forward-looking camera sytems are mounted on pan-and-tilt units.
  • The main viewing camera is a High Definition Insite Zeus Plus and is mounted in a three-axis pan-and-tilt that is capable of plus or minus 45 degrees of pan and +45, –100 degrees of tilt.
  • Two forward looking cameras, a wide angle Insite Aurora and an Insight Orion Zoom, are mounted on a single two-axis pan-and-tilt above the main camera with a range of 270 degrees of pan and 120 degrees of tilt.
  • There are also self-contained time-lapse video cameras.
  • One major component of the Ventana’s control system is the camera control graphical user interface (GUI) and lap controller station and single board computer (SBC) to drive the main camera.
  • Camera Systems
    • One Ikegama HD camera with HA10X5.2 Fujinon Zoom Lens
    • Six Insight Orion zoom cameras with integrated pilot control
    • VARS Video Capture System (direct from RGB Sony Feed), HDSPI capable
    • Sony digital Betacam (D1), and Panasonic AJ-HD2000 high definition recorder (D5)
    • Dynair 30 X 30 Video Switch (ROV control room)
    • Focal 903 digital multiplexer, 21 RS232 serial, 5 RS485 serial, 4 Subsea USB

Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI)

NEWS RELEASE

July 30, 2014

Deep-sea octopus broods eggs for over four years—longer than any known animal

This female octopus was photographed in May 2007 clinging to a rocky wall in Monterey Canyon less than a month after she laid her eggs and began brooding them. Image: © 2007 MBARI

This female octopus was photographed in May 2007 clinging to a rocky wall in Monterey Canyon less than a month after she laid her eggs and began brooding them. Image: © 2007 MBARI

Researchers at the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI) have observed a deep-sea octopus brooding its eggs for four and one half years—longer than any other known animal. Throughout this time, the female kept the eggs clean and guarded them from predators. This amazing feat represents an evolutionary balancing act between the benefits to the young octopuses of having plenty of time to develop within their eggs, and their mother’s ability to survive for years with little or no food.

Every few months for the last 25 years, a team of MBARI researchers led by Bruce Robison has performed surveys of deep-sea animals at a research site in the depths of Monterey Canyon that they call “Midwater 1.” In May 2007, during one of these surveys, the researchers discovered a female octopus clinging to a rocky ledge just above the floor of the canyon, about 1,400 meters (4,600 feet) below the ocean surface. The octopus, a species known as Graneledone boreopacifica, had not been in this location during their previous dive at this site in April.

Over the next four and one-half years, the researchers dove at this same site 18 times. Each time, they found the same octopus, which they could identify by her distinctive scars, in the same place. As the years passed, her translucent eggs grew larger and the researchers could see young octopuses developing inside. Over the same period, the female gradually lost weight and her skin became loose and pale.


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Deals

Adorama Deals 2014-07-29

Tue July 29, 2014

Adorama Deals:

Fujifilm FinePix JZ250 16MP Digital Camera w/ HD Video
$59.95 (Regular $119.95)
Free Shipping. Expires 8/31
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Crumpler 7 Million Dollar Home Shoulder Bag for DSLR Camera, Navy/Rust Red
$72.50 (Regular $145)
Free Shipping. Expires 8/5

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Contests, Press Releases

Sigma Canada Photo Contest Announces Winners

Mon July 28, 2014

Niagara Winter Blues © Doug Hagardorn

Niagara Winter Blues © Doug Hagardorn

Sigma Canada celebrates Canadian photography by awarding Doug Hagardorn of St. Catherines, Ontario and Henry Wong of Vancouver, British Columbia, two grand prize trips to Japan. Both Hagardorn and Wong submitted their photos in the Sigma Canada photo contest that launched in December. Selected from thousands of impressive images, both winners have earned a seven-day, six-night trip for two to Japan. Please join us in congratulating them!

The winning photos, which include the monthly regional winners selected by random draw, are posted online at www.sigmacanada.ca/photocontest.

Congratulations!

PRESS RELEASE

SIGMA CANADA’S PHOTO CONTEST CELEBRATES CANADIAN PHOTOGRAPHY WITH TWO GRAND PRIZE TRIPS TO JAPAN

TORONTO, ON., July 28, 2014 – Gentec International, the exclusive distributor of Sigma products in Canada, is pleased to announce that Doug Hagadorn of St. Catherines, Ontario and Henry Wong of Vancouver, British Columbia have each been awarded one of two grand prize trips to Japan in the Sigma Canada photo contest that launched last December.

Doug’s photo, shot with his Sigma 70-200mm F2.8 EX DG OS HSM lens and entitled Niagara Winter Blues, was selected out of thousands of impressive entries submitted in the consumer category by talented Canadian photographers who shoot with Sigma lenses. Henry used his Sigma 150–500mm F5-6.3 APO DG OS HSM lens to create Wheat Land, his winning entry in the sales associate category, which was open to Sigma retailers across Canada.

Both Doug and Henry have earned themselves a seven-day, six-night trip for two to Japan that includes a tour of the world-famous Japanese Cherry Blossom Gardens, a traditional Japanese green tea ceremony, a Sumida River cruise, a ride on the Hakone Ropeway, and much more.

The winning photos, which include the monthly regional winners selected by random draw, are posted online at www.sigmacanada.ca/photocontest.


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Contests

2014 American Road “The Birds” Photo Contest: Submit Entries Before 11:59 P.M. US Eastern Time on Sept.30

Mon July 28, 2014

Enter The American Road® "The Birds" Photo Contest.

Enter The American Road® “The Birds” Photo Contest.

“Send us your favorite “Birds” themed road trip photo!
Photographs must incorporate the theme of “Birds.” For example, photos can be live birds, plastic flamingos, winged roadside sculptures–whatever: If it has wings and feathers, it flies!”

American Road magazine

Prizes

  • A Grand Prize winner will receive a prize package including US $300,and his/her winning photograph will be published in American Road magazine.
    • A panel of American Road staff will select a finalist from all eligible entries based on the following criteria (“Judging Criteria”): Creativity (50%) and photographic quality (50%) — in accordance with the contest theme.
  • A runner up may also be selected, in which case that individual will receive US $100, and his/her winning photograph will be published in American Road magazine.
  • Judges reserve the right to award up to four ‘honorable mention’ prizes, in which case each honorable mention will have his/her photograph published in American Road magazine.

Please note:


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Articles

Pompidoo Lima Camera Bag Is Stylishly Functional And Perfect To Carry Your Mirrorless Camera

Sun July 27, 2014

Under the tag line “We make functional things stylish,” the 4 Pompidoo girls have struck again with another camera bag for women photographers that not only looks unabashedly elegant, luxurious and stylish but stays solidly functional.

The new Pompidoo Lima Camera Bag features two padded, removable dividers to hold 1) a compact camera, 2) a mirrorless interchangeable-lens camera or a mid-sized DSLR, with lens attached, and 3) one additional lens. Additionally, it contains 4) a cellphone pocket, 5) an inside zipper pocket to hold keys, personal items or money, and 6) slots for credit cards. The exterior walls and bottom of the bag are padded to provide added impact protection.


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Featured Site

FEARLESS: How Women In India Are Speaking Out Against Rape Culture Through Photos And Illustrations

Fri July 25, 2014

It is not easy to speak out against a culture of rape and misogyny, but many in India have done so. Shilo Shiv Suleman, an “llustrator, Animator, Storyteller,” started a Facebook site to do just that and have invited people around the world to contribute to “Fearless”, the poster collective to make their voices heard.

“Fearless”, the poster collective Posters made by a host of illustrators and designers from across India and more that AFFIRM fearless femininity. While we need to keep sharing these links and letting these stories be heard so that it remains in the nations consciousness, We also need to keep reaffirming fearlessness and channel all this energy somewhere. We need to keep going out at night, taking public transport, wearing what we want, dancing, singing, being beautiful.


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Press Releases

Gentec News: New Compact series from Manfrotto sets the benchmark for entry-level tripods and monopods

Thu July 24, 2014

Manfrotto has announced a new line of compact tripods especially targeted to the mirrorless and light DSLR cameras. The Manfrotto Compact series tripods and monopods come in a range of colours.

The Compact Light is the lightest tripod, perfect as a travel companion. The Compact Action is targeted to both movie makers and photo enthusiasts; it has a joystick head with scroll-wheel locking to ensure stability and is available in black, white and red. The Compact Advanced is able to handle entry level DSLR’s with lenses up to 200mm; it offers independent pan, tilt and level controls for framing and accuracy, and is available in black and white.

The Compact Monopod is very portable and features a universal camera attachment, protective cap and wrist strap. The Compact Advanced Monopod provides an innovative rotating disc to ensure easy and fast camera attachment.

MRSP: Compact Light $89.95, Compact Action $99.95, Compact Advanced $139.95, Compact Monopod $39.95 and Compact Advanced Monopod $54.95.

[All prices quoted in Canadian dollars]

NEWS RELEASE

NEW COMPACT SERIES FROM MANFROTTO SETS THE BENCHMARK FOR ENTRY-LEVEL TRIPODS AND MONOPODS

TORONTO, ON., July 24, 2014 – Gentec International, the exclusive Canadian distributor of Manfrotto photo and video products, announces the launch of the new Compact series of stylish tripods and monopods from Manfrotto. Devoted to those approaching photography for the first time, the Compact family is characterized by a brand new design, innovative and intuitive features, plus an expanded range of colours to address the diverse personalities of photo enthusiasts.

Manfrotto’s Compact tripods help you take better pictures
The supports in the Compact range are not just tripods, but extensions of your creativity. Photo enthusiasts can easily achieve precise, shake-free images, ready to be shared with the world. Step away from the lens and be part of shots with friends and family; frame new memories with creative long exposures and sharper, brighter pictures.


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Deals

Adorama Mirrorless Deals 2014-07-24

Thu July 24, 2014

Adorama is running a 3 day promtion of $100 off select Mirrorless Micro Four Thirds Digital Cameras using coupon code SUMMERSAVE at checkout. The cameras also currently have instant rebates of up to $300. All deals below also include 4% back in Adorama rewards and have free 2 day shipping.

Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH3 Mirrorless Micro Four Thirds Digital Camera – Body only (Black)
Regular Price $1097.99
- $100 instant rebate
- $100 using coupon code SUMMERSAVE at checkout
Final price $897.99
Free 2 Day Shipping. Expires 7/27
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Panasonic Lumix DMC-G6KK 16MP Mirrorless Micro Four Thirds Digital Camera with 14-42mm II Lens
Regular Price $747.99
- $50 instant rebate
- $100 using coupon code SUMMERSAVE at checkout
Final Price $597.99
Free 2 Day Shipping. Expires 7/27
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Olympus OMD E-M1 16.8MP Mirrorless Micro Four Thirds Camera (Body Only)
Regular Price $1,399
- $100 instant Rebate
- $100 using coupon code SUMMERSAVE at checkout
Final Price $1,199
Free 2 Day Shipping. Expires 7/27
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Olympus OMD E-M1 16.8MP Mirrorless Micro Four Thirds Camera – Bundle – with Micro ZuikoDigital 12mm-40mm F/2.8 Zoom Lens
Bundle includes: Olympus OMD E-M1 Camera, Olympus Micro Zuiko Digital ED 12-40mm f/2.8 Pro Zoom Lens ($999 value), SanDisk 16GB Class 10, Extreme Secure Digital High Capacity (SDHC) Memory Card, Olympus Mini-Messenger Bag, Mini Multi-Card Reader, 6′ High Speed Micro HDMI to HDMI Cable, Tiffen Dfx Essentials Software, 62mm Multi Coated UV Ultra Violet Filter, & Cleaning Kit.
Regular Price $2,399.00
- $300 Instant Rebate
- $100 using coupon code SUMMERSAVE at checkout
Final Price $1,999
Free 2 Day Shipping. Expires 7/27

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Press Releases

Fujifilm Updates X-mount Lenses Roadmap (July 24, 2014)

Thu July 24, 2014

Today, Fujifilm released an updated roadmap for X mount interchangeable lenses.

The XF90mmF2.0R large-diameter medium telephoto lens appears for the first time on the XF lens roadmap for first half of 2015. The next available lens will be the XF50-140mm F2.8 R OIS WR weather resistant lens designed to partner the X-T1. Other updates include the approximate timing for the XF16mmF1.4 R ultra-wide angle lens (mid 2015), the XF16-55mmF2.8 WR lens (Spring 2015) and the (as yet unnamed) super telephoto zoom lens (Winter 2015).

PRESS RELEASE

Fujifilm releases a new roadmap for X-mount lenses

July 24, 2014

FUJIFILM Corporation (President: Shigehiro Nakajima) is pleased to release an updated roadmap for X-mount interchangeable lenses.

Following the June announcement of the XF18-135mm F3.5-5.6 R LM OIS WR weather-resistant lens, the next lens introduction will be the XF50-140mm F2.8 R OIS WR lens; the second weather-resistant lens designed to partner with the Fujifilm X-T1 camera.

A new addition to the developmental roadmap includes a large-diameter medium tele-photo prime lens; the XF90mm F2.0 R, planned for mid 2015.


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